CHAPTER Home 600 STANDARDS OF PRACTICE
PART Home 601 PURPOSE AND SCOPE
Home 601.01 Purpose and Scope.
(a) The purpose of these standards of practice is to establish a minimum and
uniform standard for home inspectors. These standards of practice are intended to
provide the public with objective information regarding the condition of the systems and
components of the home as inspected at the time of the home inspection.
(b) The rules shall be binding upon every person holding a license issued by the
(c) These standards of practice shall be applicable to buildings with 4 or fewer
dwelling units, individual residential condominium units, and their attached garages or
PART Home 602 DEFINITIONS
Home 602.01 Definitions: As used in these rules, the following terms shall have
the meanings indicated:
(a) “Alarm systems” means warning devices installed or free-standing including but
not limited to smoke detectors, carbon monoxide detectors, flue gas, and other spillage
detectors, and security equipment.
(b) “Architectural services” means any practice involving the art and science
of building design for construction of any structure or grouping of structures and the use
of space within and surrounding the structures or the design for construction, including
but not specifically limited to, schematic design, design development, preparation of
construction contract documents, and administration of the construction contract.
(c) “Automatic safety controls” means devices designed and installed to
protect systems and components from unsafe conditions.
(d) “Component” means a part of a system.
(e) “Decorative” means ornamental; not required for the operation of the
essential systems and components of a home.
(f) “Describe” means to identify (in writing) a system or component by its
type or other distinguishing characteristics.
(g) “Dismantle” means to take apart or remove any component, device or
piece of equipment that would not be taken apart or removed by a homeowner in
the course of normal and routine home owner maintenance.
(h) “Engineering” means the application of scientific knowledge for the
design, control, or use of building structures, equipment, or apparatus building
structures, equipment, or apparatus.
(i) “Further evaluation” means examination and analysis by a qualified
professional, tradesman, or service technician beyond that provided by the home
(j) “Home inspection” means the process by which an inspector
visually examines the readily accessible systems and components of a home and
which describes those systems and components in accordance with these standards
(k) “Household appliances” means kitchen, laundry, and similar appliances,
whether installed or free-standing.
(l) “Inspect” means to examine any system or component of a building in
accordance with Home 600, using normal operating controls and opening readily
(m) “Inspector” means a person hired to examine any system or component of
a building in accordance with these standards of practice.
(n) “Installed” means attached such that removal requires tools.
(o) “Normal operating controls” means devices such as thermostats, switches
or valves intended to be operated by the homeowner.
(p) “Readily accessible” means available for visual inspection without
requiring moving of personal property, dismantling, destructive measures, use of a
ladder, or any action which will likely involve risk to persons or property.
(q) “Readily accessible panel” means a panel provided for homeowner
inspection and maintenance that is readily accessible, within normal reach, can be
removed by one person, and is not sealed in place.
(r) “Recreational facilities” means spas, saunas, steam baths, swimming
pools, exercise, entertainment, athletic, playground or other similar equipment, and
(s) “Report” means communicate in writing.
(t) “Representative number” means one component per room for multiple
similar interior components such as windows and electric receptacles; one
component on each side of the building for multiple similar exterior components.
(u) “Roof drainage systems” means components used to carry water off a roof
and away from a building.
(v) “Siding” means exterior wall covering and cladding; such as: aluminum,
asphalt, brick, cement/asbestos, exterior insulation finishing system, stone, stucco,
veneer, vinyl, or wood.
(w) “Significantly deficient” means unsafe or not functioning.
(x) “Shut down” means a state in which a system or component cannot be
operated by normal operating controls.
(y) “Solid fuel burning appliances” means a hearth and fire chamber or
similar prepared place in which a fire may be built and that is built in conjunction
with a chimney; or a listed assembly of a fire chamber, its chimney, and related
factory-made parts designed for unit assembly without requiring field construction.
(z) “Structural component” means a component that supports non-variable
forces or weights, dead loads and variable forces or weights, live loads.
(aa) “System” means a combination of interacting or interdependent
components, assembled to carry out one or more functions.
(ab) “Technically exhaustive” means an investigation that involves
dismantling, the extensive use of advanced techniques, measurements, instruments,
testing, calculations, or other means.
(ac) “Under floor crawl space” means the area within the confines of the
foundation and between the ground and the underside of the floor.
(ad) “Unsafe” means a condition in a readily accessible, installed system or
component that is judged to be a significant risk of bodily injury during normal,
day-to-day use; the risk may be due to damage, deterioration, improper installation,
or a change in accepted residential construction standards.
(ae) “Wiring methods” means identification of electrical conductors or wires
by their general type, such as non-metallic sheathed cable, armored cable, or knob
PART Home 603 REPORT REQUIREMENTS
Home 603.01 Report Requirements.
(a) The home inspector shall inspect readily accessible, observable, installed
systems and components.
(b) The home inspector shall report those systems and components inspected that,
in the professional opinion of the inspector, are not functioning properly,
significantly deficient, unsafe, or near the end of their service lives.
(c) The home inspector shall make recommendations to correct, or monitor for
future correction, the deficiencies reported in Home 603.01 (b) or items needing
(d) The home inspector shall report systems and components designated for
inspection pursuant to the standards of practice that were present at the time of the
home inspection but were not inspected and the reason or reasons they were not
(e) These standards of practice shall not limit inspectors from including other
inspection services or systems and components in addition to those required in
Home 603.01 (a).
(f) The home inspector shall exclude systems and components from the inspection
if requested by the client.
(g) Home inspectors shall not have to determine methods or materials necessary for
(h) Home inspectors shall not project costs of repairs.
Home 603.02 Home Inspection Standards.
(a) When inspecting structural systems the home inspector shall inspect:
(1) The structural components including the foundation, framing, floor
structure, wall structure, ceiling structure and roof structure;
(2) A representative number of structural components where deterioration is
suspected or where clear indications of possible deterioration exist; and
(3) Probing shall not be required when probing would damage any finished
surface or where no deterioration is visible or presumed to exist; and
(4) Report the methods used to inspect under-floor crawl spaces and attics.
(b) When inspecting the structural systems the home inspector shall describe:
(1) The foundation;
(2) The floor structure;
(3) The wall structure;
(4) The ceiling structure; and
(5) The roof structure.
(c) The home inspector shall not provide any engineering or architectural service
or analysis unless qualified pursuant to RSA 310-A:201, IV.
(d) When inspecting the exterior the home inspector shall inspect:
(1) Siding, flashing and trim;
(2) All exterior doors;
(3) Attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated
(4) Eaves, soffits, and fascias where accessible from the ground level; and
(5) Entryway walkways, patios, driveways, vegetation, grading, surface
drainage, and retaining walls which are likely to adversely affect the
(e) When inspecting the exterior the home inspector shall describe the type of
(f) The home inspector shall not have to inspect:
(1) Screening, shutters, awnings, and similar seasonal accessories;
(3) Geological and/or soil conditions;
(4) Recreational facilities;
(5) Outbuildings or detached structures;
(6) Seawalls, break-walls, and docks; and
(7) Erosion control and earth stabilization measures.
(g) When inspecting roof systems the home inspector shall inspect:
(1) Roofing materials;
(2) Roof drainage systems;
(3) Flashing; and
(4) Skylights, chimney exteriors, and roof penetrations.
(h) When inspecting the roof systems the home inspector shall describe:
(1) Roofing materials;
(2) Roof drainage systems; and
(3) Chimney exteriors.
(i) When inspecting the roof system the home inspector shall report the methods
used to inspect the roofing.
(j) The home inspector shall not have to inspect:
(2) Interiors of flues or chimneys on or attached to the roof; and
(3) Other installed accessories.
(k) When inspecting the plumbing system the home inspector shall inspect:
(1) Interior water supply and distribution systems including all fixtures and
(2) Drain, waste and vent systems including all fixtures;
(3) Water heating equipment and hot water supply system;
(4) Vent systems;
(5) Fuel storage and fuel distribution systems within the structure; and
(6) Drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping.
(l) When inspecting the plumbing system the home inspector shall describe:
(1) Interior water supply and distribution systems;
(2) Drain, waste and vent systems;
(3) Water heating equipment and hot water supply system; and
(4) Fuel storage and distribution systems.
(m) When inspecting the plumbing system the home inspector shall report
the location of main water and main fuel shut-off valves.
(n) The home inspector shall not have to inspect:
(1) Clothes washing machine connections;
(2) Interiors of plumbing appliance flues or chimneys;
(3) Wells, well pumps, or water storage related equipment;
(4) Water conditioning systems;
(5) Solar water heating systems;
(6) Fire and lawn sprinkler systems;
(7) Private waste disposal and sewer ejector systems; and
(8) Automatic safety controls or manual stop valves.
(o) The home inspector shall not have to determine:
(1) Whether water supply and waste disposal systems are public or private;
(2) Water supply quantity or quality.
(p) When inspecting the electrical system the home inspector shall inspect:
(1) Service drop;
(2) Service entrance conductors, cables, and raceways;
(3) Service equipment and main disconnects;
(4) Service grounding;
(5) Interior components of service panels and sub panels;
(7) Overcurrent protection devices; and
(8) A representative number of installed lighting fixtures, switches, and
(q) When inspecting the electrical system the home inspector shall describe:
(1) The amperage and voltage rating of the service;
(2) The location of main disconnects and sub panels;
(3) Wiring methods;
(4) Service grounding; and
(5) Over current protection devices.
(r) When inspecting the electrical system the home inspector shall report:
(1) Presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring; and
(2) Absence of smoke detectors and ground fault circuit interrupters.
(s) The home inspector shall not have to inspect:
(1) Remote control devices;
(2) Alarm systems and components;
(3) Low voltage wiring systems and components;
(4) Ancillary wiring systems and components not a part of the primary
electrical power distribution system within the house structure; and
(5) Generators and their control and distribution systems.
(t) The home inspector shall not measure amperage, voltage or impedance.
(u) When inspecting the heating system the home inspector shall open readily
accessible panels and inspect:
(1) Installed central heating system;
(2) Distribution system;
(3) Vent systems and chimney exteriors; and
(4) Fuel storage and distribution systems excluding propane tanks.
(v) When inspecting the heating system the home inspector shall describe:
(1) Installed central heating system;
(2) Distribution system; and
(3) Vent systems.
(w) When inspecting the heating system the home inspector shall report energy
source or sources.
(x) The home inspector shall not have to inspect:
(1) Interiors of heat source flues or chimneys;
(2) Heat exchangers;
(3) Humidifiers or dehumidifiers;
(4) Electronic air filters;
(5) Solar space heating systems;
(6) Mechanical dampers; and
(7) Propane tanks.
(y) The home inspector shall not have to determine heat supply adequacy or
(z) When inspecting the air conditioning system the home inspector shall open
readily accessible panels to inspect:
(1) Permanently installed central systems; and
(2) Distribution systems.
(aa) When inspecting the air conditioning system the home inspector shall
describe permanently installed central systems.
(ab) The home inspector shall not have to:
(1) Inspect electronic air filters;
(2) Determine cooling supply adequacy or distribution balance;
(3) Inspect window or wall mounted air conditioning units; and
(4) Operate air conditioning systems when the conditions adversely affect the
operation of the equipment.
(ac) When inspecting the interior the home inspector shall inspect:
(1) Walls, ceilings, and floors;
(2) Steps, stairways, and railings;
(3) Countertops and a representative number of installed cabinets;
(4) Garage doors and garage door operators; and
(5) A representative number of windows and doors.
(ad) The home inspector shall not have to inspect:
(1) Paint, wallpaper, and other finish treatments;
(2) Finished floor coverings;
(3) Window treatments;
(4) Central vacuum systems;
(5) Household appliances; and
(6) Recreational facilities.
(ae) When inspecting the insulation and ventilation the home inspector shall
(1) Insulation in unfinished spaces;
(2) Ventilation of attics and foundation areas; and
(3) Mechanical ventilation systems.
(af) When inspecting insulation and ventilation the home inspector shall
describe: (1) Insulation in unfinished spaces; and
(2) Ventilation of attics and foundation areas.
(ag) When inspecting insulation and ventilation the home inspector shall report:
the absence of insulation in unfinished spaces at conditioned surfaces.
(ah) The home inspector shall not have to:
(1) Disturb insulation;
(2) Identify types of insulation; and
(3) Inspect air-to-air exchangers or other similar systems.
(ai) When inspecting fireplaces the home inspector shall inspect:
(1) Built-in fireplaces; and
(2) Chimney exterior and vents.
(aj) When inspecting fireplaces the home inspector shall describe built-in
(ak) The home inspector shall not have to inspect:
(1) Interiors of fireplace flues or chimneys;
(2) Fire screens and doors;
(3) Seals and gaskets;
(4) Automatic fuel feed devices;
(5) Mantles and fireplace surrounds;
(6) Combustion make-up air devices;
(7) Heat distribution assists, gravity fed and fan assisted;
(8) Solid fuel burning appliances; and
(9) Gas appliances.
(al) The home inspector shall not have to:
(1) Determine draft characteristics; and
(2) Move fireplace inserts and stoves or firebox contents.
(am) The home inspector shall not have to determine:
(1) Conditions of systems or components which are not readily accessible;
(2) Remaining life expectancy of any system or component;
(3) Strength, adequacy, effectiveness, or efficiency of any system or
(4) The causes of any condition or deficiency;
(5) Methods or materials necessary for corrections;
(6) The suitability of the property for any specialized use;
(7) Compliance with regulatory requirements including codes, regulations,
laws, ordinances and manufacturers installation specifications;
(8) The presence of potentially hazardous plants or animals including, but
not limited to wood destroying organisms or diseases harmful to humans
including molds or mold-like substances;
(9) The presence of any environmental hazards including, but not limited to
toxins, carcinogens, noise, and contaminants in soil, water, and air;
(10) The effectiveness of any system installed or method utilized to control
or remove suspected hazardous substances; and
(11) Soil conditions relating to geotechnical or hydrologic specialties.
(an) Home inspectors shall not have to enter:
(1) Any area that will, in the opinion of the inspector, likely be dangerous to
the inspector or other persons or damage the property or its systems or
(2) Attics and under-floor crawl spaces which are not readily accessible.
(ao) Home inspectors shall not have to inspect:
(1) Underground items including, but not limited to underground storage
tanks or other underground indications of their presence, whether abandoned
(2) Items that are not installed;
(3) Installed decorative items;
(4) Items in areas that are not entered in accordance with Home 603.02 (ao)
(5) Detached structures;
(6) Common elements or common areas in multi-unit housing, such as
condominium properties or cooperative housing; and
(7) Interiors of multi-unit housing flues, vents, or chimneys.
(ap) Home inspectors shall not be required to:
(1) Perform any procedure or operation that will, in the opinion of the
inspector, likely be dangerous to the inspector or other persons or damage
the property or its systems or components;
(2) Use a ladder;
(3) Describe or report on any system or component that is not included in
these Standards and was not inspected;
(4) Move personal property, furniture, equipment, plants, soil, snow, ice,
(5) Dismantle any system or component, except as explicitly required by
(6) Walk on roofs; and
(7) Operate sump pumps.
(aq) Home inspectors shall not:
(1) Report on market value of property or its marketability;
(2) Report on the advisability or inadvisability of the purchase of the
(3) Offer or perform additional inspectional services such as engineering,
architectural, surveying, plumbing, electrical, pest control, or any other
inspectional service requiring an occupational license and or registration in
New Hampshire unless the inspector holds a valid registration and or
occupational license, in which case he or she may inform the client that he or
she is so registered/licensed, and is therefore qualified to go beyond this
(4) Estimate or project the cost of repairs;
(5) Determine or verify property lines;
(6) Operate any system or component that is shut down or otherwise
(7) Operate any system or component, which does not respond to normal
(8) Predict future conditions and failure of systems or components;
(9) Project operating costs of systems or components;
(10) Evaluate acoustical characteristics of any system or component;
((11) Determine any basement or crawlspace water tightness; and
(12) Turn on or off any solid or liquid gas fuel burning device.
(ar) The home inspector shall not have to perform any action or make any
determination not specifically stated in these standards of practice.
(as) Inspections performed in accordance with these standards of practice shall not
have to identify concealed conditions, latent defects, or consequential damage or
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